Monthly Archives: December 2017

Un nouvel indice sur le bien-être animal vient bouleverser les classements précédents

Le Kenya et la Tanzanie émergent en tant que leaders mondiaux en matière de bien-être animal

SYDNEY, le 19 décembre 2017 /PRNewswire/ — Le Voiceless Animal Cruelty Index (VACI), ressource mondiale d’éducation interactive, suit la performance en termes de bien-être animal de cinquante pays — sélectionnés parmi les plus grands producteurs mondiaux de produits issus d’animaux d’élevage (vaci.voiceless.org.au). Ces pays représentent près de 80 % de la production mondiale d’animaux d’élevage.

Le nouvel indice vient compléter le World Animal Protection Index (API) publié en 2014. Tandis que l’API classait la qualité de la législation des différents pays en matière de bien-être animal, le VACI se focalise plus particulièrement sur le bien-être des animaux d’élevage. Ceci a permis d’effectuer un tout nouveau classement des pays : ainsi le Kenya, l’Inde, la Tanzanie et les Philippines viennent déloger l’Autriche, la Nouvelle-Zélande, la Suisse et le Royaume-Uni dans le haut du tableau de classement en matière de bien-être animal.

Près de 70 milliards d’animaux d’élevage sont abattus chaque année pour la consommation humaine à l’échelle mondiale. Ceci équivaut à 2 200 animaux par seconde. Le nombre d’animaux abattus à travers le monde enregistre actuellement une croissance rapide. À l’heure où la consommation de viande et de produits laitiers augmente, c’est également le cas de l’élevage industriel, dans lequel la cruauté envers les animaux est monnaie courante : la plupart des animaux d’élevage sont en permanence confinés dans des cages ou entassés en grand nombre, et par conséquent éprouvent des difficultés à se mouvoir ou à atteindre leur nourriture. Les bébés animaux sont mutilés sans analgésiques – la queue sensible, les dents et les organes génitaux des porcelets ainsi que les becs des poussins sont coupés, tout comme les cornes, la queue et les testicules des veaux – puisque c’est pratique, économique et, de manière alarmante, souvent autorisé par la loi.

D’après Ondine Sherman, cofondatrice et directrice générale de Voiceless : « Le VACI est un outil important de sensibilisation autour de la souffrance des animaux d’élevage à travers le monde. C’est une formidable ressource éducative, qui peut selon nous aider les éducateurs et les défenseurs du monde entier à apporter un changement positif pour les animaux. »

D’après Jeffrey M. Masson, auteur américain et défenseur des droits des animaux : « Le mouvement des droits des animaux a manqué pendant longtemps d’un indice fiable, nous indiquant comment se positionnent les pays en matière de cruauté envers les animaux : quel pays tue le plus d’animaux, consomme le plus de viande, possède la meilleure législation, et se montre le plus sensibilisé ? Et dans le même temps, quels changements pouvons-nous contrôler ? C’est une grande chance que Voiceless ait décidé de remédier à cette situation ! »

L’institut de protection animale Voiceless est un groupe de réflexion indépendant basé en Australie www.voiceless.org.au . Le VACI peut être consulté à l’adresse : vaci.voiceless.org.au

Contact :

Elaine Morris
elaine@voiceless.org.au

Regulator notes energy licensing and exemption notice

The National Energy Regulator of South Africa (Nersa) has noted the gazetting of the Licensing Exemption and Registration Notice.

In a statement on Tuesday, the regulator said it had noted the gazette published by the Department of Energy in the 10 November gazette.

The gazette, signed by former Energy Minister Mmamoloko Kubayi�Ngubane, states that under the Electricity Regulation Act, a person who operates a generation facility contemplated in items of Schedule 2; or a person who performs the activities of a reseller as contemplated item 2.8 of the Schedule, must register with the regulator.

In its statement the regulator said it is in the process of finalising the draft small-scale embedded generation (SSEG) rules, which were drafted in 2015, but put on hold until the publication of the Licensing Exemption and Registration Notice.

Nersa will issue the draft rules for public comments as soon as its internal governance processes have been finalised. The draft rules would only apply to SSEGs with the installed capacity of no more than 1 MW connected to the national grid as referred to in sections 2.1 and 2.2 of the Notice. The SSEG rules will mainly focus on the registration and connection process, tariff structures and reporting requirements, said Nersa.

Meanwhile, the regulatory rules for small-scale embedded generation will be published after stakeholders have been consulted and Nersa has made its decision.

Applications for the registration of SSEGs would only be considered after the publication of the rules.

NERSA will also start the process to develop regulatory rules for the registration of all other categories of facilities referred to in the Notice in due course, it said.

Source: South African Government News Agency

SOUTH AFRICAN PARALYMPIC PISTORIUS APPEALS ENHANCED PRISON SENTENCE FOR MURDER

JOHANNESBURG, Convicted murderer and former South African Paralympic gold medallist Oscar Pistorius has filed an application to the Constitutional Court here seeking to overturn a higher prison sentence handed down by the Appeals Court in November.

Pistorius will appeal the enhanced prison sentence of 13 years and five months. The Supreme Court of Appeal had more than doubled the imprisonment from six years for shooting dead his girlfriend, Reeva Steenkamp, at his home here on Valentine’s Day 2013.

Pistorius had originally been found guilty of manslaughter and sentenced to five years in jail. That conviction was increased to murder by the Supreme Court in December 2015 and his sentence extended to six years by trial Judge Thokozile Masipa in July 2016.

Source: NAM NEWS NETWORK

UNODC, Kenya hold inter-regional conference to counter the world drug problem

UNODC and the Government of Kenya recently welcomed officials from Africa, Latin America and West Asia in Nairobi to review challenges and share lessons learned in countering the world drug problem.

Organized in support of UNODC’s Regional Programme for Promoting the Rule of Law and Human Security in Eastern Africa (2016-2021), the inter-regional conference provided a platform for those affected by the trafficking and use of illicit drugs. The first of its kind event sought to improve national and regional responses by fostering cooperation and promoting a balanced approach that addresses the supply of illicit drugs as well as the health and social consequences of drug use.

In his opening remarks, Fred O. Matiang’i, Cabinet Secretary of the Ministry for Interior and Coordination of National Government of Kenya, said: “It is opportune that this Conference is taking place at a time when countries around the world are at cross-roads in combatting drug trafficking and the associated problems.”

Acknowledging the nexus between drug trafficking, corruption and other forms of organized crime, he expressed hope that the conference would provide solutions to those challenges.

Also participating, Jose Vila del Castillo, UNODC Regional Representative for Eastern Africa, underscored the need to work together: “It is critical not only to address the threat of drug trafficking at sea and on land, but also to identify, investigate and confiscate the billions of dollars associated with this crime.”

Throughout the event, participants from 24 countries shared their national experiences and discussed concrete steps towards an effective drug response in the areas of law enforcement and international cooperation, criminal justice and anti-corruption, as well as health and social development.

The conference concluded with a ministerial segment, at which an outcome document was presented, providing a number of recommendations to better address the drug problem. At the same session, UNODC presented an overview of the Regional Programme’s major achievements in 2017.

“There is a light at the end of the tunnel as we have learnt from other countries especially those in the Americas,” said Githu Muigai, Attorney General of Kenya, speaking during the ministerial segment. “From the outcome document, it is evident that there are several steps that need to be taken based on the best practices to address this problem,” he added.

The trafficking of illicit drugs in Eastern Africa is inextricably linked to transnational organized crime and corruption, posing a significant threat to regional security, stability and public health. UNODC works closely with Member States to promote regional cooperation and strengthen capacities to address both drug supply and demand through a balanced and public-health oriented approach.

Source: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime