FAO GIEWS Country Brief on Democratic Republic of the Congo (17-June-2015)

Reference Date: 17-June-2015


  1. Overall favourable vegetation conditions for secondary 2015 season crops

  2. Inflation rate is forecast to continue to rise to about 4 percent in 2015

  3. Persisting civil conflict continues to negatively impact on food security conditions

Overall favourable vegetation conditions for secondary 2015 season crops

Harvesting of the second season maize crop is about to start in the northern provinces of Equateur and Oriental, while it is almost complete in the centre and in the south. Overall the FAO satellite-based Agricultural Stress Index (ASI) indicated favourable vegetation conditions in most cropping areas.

Inflation rate is forecast to continue to rise to about 4 percent in 2015

Inflation, which stood at 46 percent in 2009, fell to 1 percent in 2013 as a result of the implementation of economic reforms and tight fiscal and monetary policies. In 2014, the inflation rate increased to approximately 2 percent due to a slight loosening of monetary policy and sustained demand. The inflation rate is forecast to continue to rise to about 4 percent in 2015, owing to domestic demand pressure that reflects sustained economic growth.

Persisting civil conflict continues to escalate the dire humanitarian situation

Persistent insecurity in eastern provinces of Orientale, North Kivu, South Kivu and Katanga continues to restrict access to land and agricultural inputs, limiting households’ productive capacity.

According to the latest available Integrated Phase Classification (IPC) food security analysis, that covers the period December 2014 to June 2015, the number of people in acute food insecurity and livelihood crisis (IPC Phase 3: “Crisis” and IPC Phase 4: “Humanitarian Emergency”) was estimated at about 6.5 million. The IPC analysis of this current cycle compared to those of June 2014 (zones in the East) and December 2013 (entire country), shows that there was an overall reduction of 0.5 million people classified under “Crisis” (Phase: 3) and an increase by about 523 000 people for those under “Humanitarian Emergency” (Phase: 4). The acute food insecurity has risen in South Irumu (Orientale Province) and in Djera (Equateur Province). Since 2013, the escalation of civil conflict, especially in the eastern provinces, severely damaged local livelihood systems and caused massive displacement.

As of May 2015, the IDP caseload was estimated at more than 3 million, 11 percent up from the estimate in September 2014. The IDPs are mainly located in conflict-affected Oriental, Maniema, North Kivu, South Kivu and Katanga provinces. In the first quarter of 2015 (January to March), 337 057 new people were displaced in these eastern conflict-affected provinces of which 60 percent of these IDPs were located in North Kivu.

According to UNHCR, around 80 percent of the IDPs are hosted by families and communities, putting added strain on host communities’ resources, who are already facing chronic poverty, limited livelihood opportunities, social services (health, sanitation, education) and are likely to be further pushed into unsustainable coping mechanisms and livelihood strategies.

The upsurge in violence in the Central African Republic (CAR) since the beginning of the year forced the displacement of almost 50 000 people of which more than 19 000 people crossed into the neighbouring DRC’s Equateur Province. As of late May 2015, the total number of refugees, that have entered the Democratic Republic of Congo from the Central African Republic, is estimated at about 97 000. Furthermore, about 105 000 Burundians moved to neighbouring countries since mid-April due to the election-related conflict, of them, 9 183 fled to DRC particularly in the province of South Kivu.

In late 2014, the international community launched the 2015 Strategic Response Plan. The food security cluster, led by FAO and WFP, planned to assist 2.5 million beneficiaries for a total cost of USD 182 million, providing food assistance to severely food insecure populations and supporting the agricultural sector by improving access to essential agricultural inputs, including seeds and tools. Currently, 7 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance of which 5.2 million are being targeted.

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